Publications

As a service to our research and academic customers, this page contains links to papers published by Sigenics and our personnel.

  • Troyk, P.R., Poyezdala, J., Dubiel, G.,”An encapsulated implantable multichannel neuromuscular stimulator” Proc. 39th Ann. Conf. Eng. Med. Biol. Baltimore, Sept 13-16, p.267 (1986)
  • Troyk, P.R., Jaeger, R.J., Haklin, M. et.al, ”Design and implementation of an implantable goniometer”. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., BME-33, pp.215-223 (1986)
  • Anderson, J.E., Markovac, V., P.R. Troyk, ”Polymer encapsulants for microelectronics: Mechanisms for protection and failure”IEEE Trans. Circuits, Hybrids, Manuf. Comp.. vol 11, no.1, 1988, pp.152-158 (1987)
  • Troyk, P.R., Anderson, J.E., Markovac, V., ”The role of surface contamination in the corrosion of silicone encapsulated thin-film devices” SAMPE Conf. Vol. 1 June 23-25, Santa Clara, CA pp.590-601 (1987)
  • Troyk, P.R., Conroy, D., Madigan, M., Anderson, J.E., ”Testing of encapsulants for the protection of electronic components.” Proc. ACS Polymeric Mat:Sci & Eng. Vol.59, Los Angeles, pp.497-501 (1988)
  • Troyk, P.R., Anderson, J.E., ”The effect of volume resistivity on polymer electrical leakage current measurements” 3rd International SAMPE Elect. Conf. June 20-22, pp.969-982 (1989)
  • Troyk, P.R., Conroy, D., Anderson, J.E., ”Modeling of triple-track and comb-pattern leakage current measurements in polymeric material for electrical packaging and interconnection”, J.H. Lupinski and R.S. Moore, Eds., ACS Symposium Series No. 407, pp.249-267 (1989)
  • Anderson J.E., Markovac, V., Kim, I.U., Troyk, P.R., ”Novel coatings that maintain low surface-water concentrations, in polymeric materials for electronics packaging and interconnection”, Lupinski, Moore, Eds., ACS Series 407, ACS, Washington, D.C., Chapter 27 (1989)
  • Loeb, G.E., Zamin, C.J., Schulamn, J.H., Troyk, P.R.,”An injectable microstimulator for functional electrical stimulation” Proc. North Sea Conf. Biomed. Eng. 90, Antwerp, November 19-22 (1990)
  • D. A. Kerns. “Analysis of a compact second-order resonant circuit,” CNS Memo 12, California Institute of Technology (1991)
  • D. A. Kerns, J. E. Tanner, M. A. Sivilotti, J. Luo. “CMOS UV-writable non-volatile analog memory,” published in the proceedings of the Advanced Research in VLSI International Conference 1991, Santa Cruz, California. Carlos Sequin, ed. MIT Press, (1991)
  • S. P. Eberhardt, T. Daud, D. A. Kerns, T. X. Brown, A. P. Thakoor. “A limited- connectivity VLSI network for dynamic assignment problems,” poster presentation at Snowbird (1991)
  • S. P. Eberhardt, T. Daud, D. A. Kerns, T. X. Brown, A. P. Thakoor. “Competitive neural architecture for hardware solution to the assignment problem,” Neural Networks Vol. 4, No. 4, 1991, pp. 431-442 (invited paper) (1991)
  • D. A. Kerns. “Emotions and autonomous machinery,” published in the proceedings of the University of Southern California Center for Neural Engineering Workshop on Emotions, March 18, 1991. Jean-Marc Fellous, editor (1991)
  • Troyk, P.R., Frankovic R., Anderson J.E., ”Experimental techniques for electrical testing of microelectronic coatings, IEEE Trans Comp., Hybrids, and Mauf. Tech. vol.14, p428-435 (1991)
  • Anderson, J.E., Adams, K.M., Troyk, P.R., Frankovic, R., ”Polymer-coated microelectronics: Comparison of bulk, surface and interphase conductivities”, IEEE Trans. Comp., Hybrids, and Manuf. Tech. vol.14, pp.420-427 (1991)
  • Loeb, G.E., Zamin, C.J., Schulman, J.H., Troyk, P.R., ”Injectable microstimulator for functional electrical stimulation, Medical Biological Engineering and Computing”, Vol. 29, NS13-NS19 (1991)
  • D. Kirk, D. Kerns, K. Fleischer, A. Barr, B. Anderson. “Gradient descent in analog VLSI using noise injection and correlation,” poster presentation at the conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, Natural and Synthetic (NIPS), Denver, Colorado, December 1-4, (1992)
  • L. Watts, D. Kerns, R. Lyon, C. Mead. “Improved implementation of the silicon cochlea,” IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 27, No. 5, May 1992, pp. 692-700 (1992)
  • Troyk, P.R., Schwan, M.A., ”Class E driver for transcutaneous power and data link for implanted electronic devices”, Medical Biological Engineering and Computing., vol. 30, pp.69-75 (1992)
  • Troyk, P.R., Schwan, M.A., ”Closed-loop class E transcutaneous power and data link for microimplants”, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol.39, no.6 (1992)
  • D. A. Kerns. “A monolithic UV detector/dosimeter,” Sensors and Actuators A Vol. 39, pp. 225-229 (1993)
  • R. G. Benson, D. A. Kerns. “UV-activated conductances allow multiple time scale learning,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 434-440 (May 1993)
  • D. A. Kerns. “Experiments in very large-scale analog computation,” California Institute of Technology Ph.D. thesis, division of engineering and applied science (1993)
  • D. A. Kerns. “IC System integration problems,” EMC Handbook, R. Perez, editor. Chapter on EMC Problem Solving. Academic Press (1995)
  • D. Kerns. “CMOS-Compatible micromachining processes,” Tanner Labs Internal Tech Report 971107-AR0143 (November 1997)
  • Schwan, M., Troyk, P., ”Suspended carrier modulation for transcutaneous telemetry links”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 27-32 (1995)
  • Schwan, M., Troyk, P., ”Suspended carrier modulation for transcutaneous telemetry links”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 27-32 (1995)
  • Troyk, P., Schwan, M., ”Modeling of weakly-coupled inductive links”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 63-68 (1995)
  • Troyk, P., Schwan, M., ”Micromodules for implanted telemetry and stimulation”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 105-111 (1995)
  • Ransom, S.A., Herzon, G.D., Troyk, P.R., Schwan, M.A.K., ”Development of an inspiratory pressure triggered laryngeal pacer”, IEEE Trans. Rehabilitation Eng., Vol.3, No.4, pp.318-323 (1995)
  • Cameron T, Loeb GE, Peck RA, Schulman JH, Strojnik P, Troyk PR.“Micromodular implants to provide electrical stimulation of paralyzed muscles and limbs”, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 44:781-790 (1997)
  • Troyk, P., ”Injectable electrical systems”, Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, Annual Reviews, Palo Alto CA, Vol.1:177-211 (1999)
  • Troyk, P.R., DeMichele, G.A., Detlefsen, D., “Modular VLSI electronic design for implantable neural prostheses”, Proceedings of the Second Joint EMBS/BMES Conference Houston, TX, USA, pp. 2064 – 2065, October 23-26, (2002)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., “Integrated multi-channel wireless biotelemetry system”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 3372 – 3375 (2003)
  • Troyk, P.R., DeMichele, G.A., “Inductively-coupled power and data link for neural prostheses using a class-E oscillator and FSK modulation”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 3376 – 3379 (2003)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., “Stimulus-resistant neural recording amplifier”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 3329 – 3332 (2003)
  • R. F. Weir, P. R. Troyk, G. DeMichele, T. Kuiken, “Implantable myoelectric sensors (IMES) for upper-extremity prosthesis control preliminary work”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 1562 – 1565 (2003)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., ”Stimulus-resistant neural recording amplifier”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 3329 – 3332 (2003)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., ”Integrated multi-channel wireless biotelemetry system”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 3372 – 3375 (2003)
  • S. F. Cogan, P. R. Troyk, J. Ehrlich, T. D. Plante, D. B. McCreery, L. Bullara, “Charge-injection waveforms for iridium oxide (AIROF) microelectrodes”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 1960 – 1963 (2003)
  • S. F. Cogan, P. R. Troyk, D. E. Detlefsen, J. Ehrlich, T. D. Plante, D. B. McCreery, ”Characterization and variability of intracortical iridium oxide microelectrodes” Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 1976 – 1978 (2003)
  • Troyk, P.R., Poyezdala, J., Dubiel, G.,”An encapsulated implantable multichannel neuromuscular stimulator” Proc. 39th Ann. Conf. Eng. Med. Biol. Baltimore, Sept 13-16, p.267 (1986)
  • Troyk, P.R., Jaeger, R.J., Haklin, M. et.al, ”Design and implementation of an implantable goniometer”. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., BME-33, pp.215-223 (1986)
  • Anderson, J.E., Markovac, V., P.R. Troyk, ”Polymer encapsulants for microelectronics: Mechanisms for protection and failure”IEEE Trans. Circuits, Hybrids, Manuf. Comp.. vol 11, no.1, 1988, pp.152-158 (1987)
  • Troyk, P.R., Anderson, J.E., Markovac, V., ”The role of surface contamination in the corrosion of silicone encapsulated thin-film devices” SAMPE Conf. Vol. 1 June 23-25, Santa Clara, CA pp.590-601 (1987)
  • Troyk, P.R., Conroy, D., Madigan, M., Anderson, J.E., ”Testing of encapsulants for the protection of electronic components.” Proc. ACS Polymeric Mat:Sci & Eng. Vol.59, Los Angeles, pp.497-501 (1988)
  • Troyk, P.R., Anderson, J.E., ”The effect of volume resistivity on polymer electrical leakage current measurements” 3rd International SAMPE Elect. Conf. June 20-22, pp.969-982 (1989)
  • Troyk, P.R., Conroy, D., Anderson, J.E., ”Modeling of triple-track and comb-pattern leakage current measurements in polymeric material for electrical packaging and interconnection”, J.H. Lupinski and R.S. Moore, Eds., ACS Symposium Series No. 407, pp.249-267 (1989)
  • Anderson J.E., Markovac, V., Kim, I.U., Troyk, P.R., ”Novel coatings that maintain low surface-water concentrations, in polymeric materials for electronics packaging and interconnection”, Lupinski, Moore, Eds., ACS Series 407, ACS, Washington, D.C., Chapter 27 (1989)
  • Loeb, G.E., Zamin, C.J., Schulamn, J.H., Troyk, P.R.,”An injectable microstimulator for functional electrical stimulation” Proc. North Sea Conf. Biomed. Eng. 90, Antwerp, November 19-22 (1990)
  • D. A. Kerns. “Analysis of a compact second-order resonant circuit,” CNS Memo 12, California Institute of Technology (1991)
  • D. A. Kerns, J. E. Tanner, M. A. Sivilotti, J. Luo. “CMOS UV-writable non-volatile analog memory,” published in the proceedings of the Advanced Research in VLSI International Conference 1991, Santa Cruz, California. Carlos Sequin, ed. MIT Press, (1991)
  • S. P. Eberhardt, T. Daud, D. A. Kerns, T. X. Brown, A. P. Thakoor. “A limited- connectivity VLSI network for dynamic assignment problems,” poster presentation at Snowbird (1991)
  • S. P. Eberhardt, T. Daud, D. A. Kerns, T. X. Brown, A. P. Thakoor. “Competitive neural architecture for hardware solution to the assignment problem,” Neural Networks Vol. 4, No. 4, 1991, pp. 431-442 (invited paper) (1991)
  • D. A. Kerns. “Emotions and autonomous machinery,” published in the proceedings of the University of Southern California Center for Neural Engineering Workshop on Emotions, March 18, 1991. Jean-Marc Fellous, editor (1991)
  • Troyk, P.R., Frankovic R., Anderson J.E., ”Experimental techniques for electrical testing of microelectronic coatings, IEEE Trans Comp., Hybrids, and Mauf. Tech. vol.14, p428-435 (1991)
  • Anderson, J.E., Adams, K.M., Troyk, P.R., Frankovic, R., ”Polymer-coated microelectronics: Comparison of bulk, surface and interphase conductivities”, IEEE Trans. Comp., Hybrids, and Manuf. Tech. vol.14, pp.420-427 (1991)
  • Loeb, G.E., Zamin, C.J., Schulman, J.H., Troyk, P.R., ”Injectable microstimulator for functional electrical stimulation, Medical Biological Engineering and Computing”, Vol. 29, NS13-NS19 (1991)
  • D. Kirk, D. Kerns, K. Fleischer, A. Barr, B. Anderson. “Gradient descent in analog VLSI using noise injection and correlation,” poster presentation at the conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, Natural and Synthetic (NIPS), Denver, Colorado, December 1-4, (1992)
  • L. Watts, D. Kerns, R. Lyon, C. Mead. “Improved implementation of the silicon cochlea,” IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 27, No. 5, May 1992, pp. 692-700 (1992)
  • Troyk, P.R., Schwan, M.A., ”Class E driver for transcutaneous power and data link for implanted electronic devices”, Medical Biological Engineering and Computing., vol. 30, pp.69-75 (1992)
  • Troyk, P.R., Schwan, M.A., ”Closed-loop class E transcutaneous power and data link for microimplants”, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol.39, no.6 (1992)
  • D. A. Kerns. “A monolithic UV detector/dosimeter,” Sensors and Actuators A Vol. 39, pp. 225-229 (1993)
  • R. G. Benson, D. A. Kerns. “UV-activated conductances allow multiple time scale learning,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 434-440 (May 1993)
  • D. A. Kerns. “Experiments in very large-scale analog computation,” California Institute of Technology Ph.D. thesis, division of engineering and applied science (1993)
  • D. A. Kerns. “IC System integration problems,” EMC Handbook, R. Perez, editor. Chapter on EMC Problem Solving. Academic Press (1995)
  • D. Kerns. “CMOS-Compatible micromachining processes,” Tanner Labs Internal Tech Report 971107-AR0143 (November 1997)
  • Schwan, M., Troyk, P., ”Suspended carrier modulation for transcutaneous telemetry links”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 27-32 (1995)
  • Schwan, M., Troyk, P., ”Suspended carrier modulation for transcutaneous telemetry links”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 27-32 (1995)
  • Troyk, P., Schwan, M., ”Modeling of weakly-coupled inductive links”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 63-68 (1995)
  • Troyk, P., Schwan, M., ”Micromodules for implanted telemetry and stimulation”, Proceedings 13th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, March, Williamsburg, VA pp. 105-111 (1995)
  • Ransom, S.A., Herzon, G.D., Troyk, P.R., Schwan, M.A.K., ”Development of an inspiratory pressure triggered laryngeal pacer”, IEEE Trans. Rehabilitation Eng., Vol.3, No.4, pp.318-323 (1995)
  • Cameron T, Loeb GE, Peck RA, Schulman JH, Strojnik P, Troyk PR.”Micromodular implants to provide electrical stimulation of paralyzed muscles and limbs”, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 44:781-790 (1997)
  • Troyk, P., ”Injectable electrical systems”, Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, Annual Reviews, Palo Alto CA, Vol.1:177-211 (1999)
  • Troyk, P.R., DeMichele, G.A., Detlefsen, D., “Modular VLSI electronic design for implantable neural prostheses”, Proceedings of the Second Joint EMBS/BMES Conference Houston, TX, USA, pp. 2064 – 2065, October 23-26, (2002)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., “Integrated multi-channel wireless biotelemetry system”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 3372 – 3375 (2003)
  • Troyk, P.R., DeMichele, G.A., “Inductively-coupled power and data link for neural prostheses using a class-E oscillator and FSK modulation”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 3376 – 3379 (2003)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., “Stimulus-resistant neural recording amplifier”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 3329 – 3332 (2003)
  • R. F. Weir, P. R. Troyk, G. DeMichele, T. Kuiken, “Implantable myoelectric sensors (IMES) for upper-extremity prosthesis control preliminary work”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, 2003, pp 1562 – 1565 (2003)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., ”Stimulus-resistant neural recording amplifier”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 3329 – 3332 (2003)
  • DeMichele, G.A., Troyk, P.R., ”Integrated multi-channel wireless biotelemetry system”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 3372 – 3375 (2003)
  • S. F. Cogan, P. R. Troyk, J. Ehrlich, T. D. Plante, D. B. McCreery, L. Bullara, “Charge-injection waveforms for iridium oxide (AIROF) microelectrodes”, Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 1960 – 1963 (2003)
  • S. F. Cogan, P. R. Troyk, D. E. Detlefsen, J. Ehrlich, T. D. Plante, D. B. McCreery, ”Characterization and variability of intracortical iridium oxide microelectrodes” Proceedings of EMBS Conference, Cancun, Mexico, September 17-21, pp 1976 – 1978 (2003)

Sigenics News

  • Sigenics expands in California
    January 2014: Sigenics is proud to announce the opening of our new Irwindale CA location.  This additional manufacturing and engineering space serves to augment Sigenics hi-rel manufacturing capabilities.
  • Research fab run released
    September 2013 - Sigenics has released a research fabrication run to the foundry.  This run contains: 1). two types of wireless 16 channel ECoG array eplilepsy diagnostic chips.  These chips will ...